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Brooding is a Vital aspect in the poultry sector that requires a lot of concentration. This is because if not properly handle, chick growth rate and development are Powe, and bird sizes may affect Production. Today I will like to educate us on
The Eight Basics of Better Brooding
Modern poultry houses and management systems give us the ability to control conditions in the house and give chicks the good start they need. All it takes is paying proper attention to the seven brooding basics.
Brooding Basic 1:
Litter conditions set the tone for the flock long before the chicks arrive on the farm. For best performance, chicks must be placed on a consistent minimum of four inches of dry bedding. Anything less will cause losses in performance.
The goals of litter management are first of all to provide comfortable bedding conditions for the chicks but also to reduce the effect that litter moisture and ammonia have on the environment. If we have to manage heating and ventilation to compensate for poor litter conditions, it will be much more difficult – and costly – to provide the optimum growing environment chicks need. litter condition sets the tone for air quality, heating, and ventilation through the life of the flock. Good litter sets the stage for success.
Brooding Basic 2: Temperature.
It is a vital aspect as the chicks need good heat to grow well. The heat source used has a role to play in the temperature varies depending on where it is placed. Proper placement depends on the type of heating system and spacing of inlet vents in the house. Proper 'ideal' temperatures can also vary according to individual flock requirements. A good manager always monitors his chicks and makes appropriate adjustments. However, do not expect temperature adjustments to fix every problem every time. Temperature is the most commonly monitored and controlled condition in poultry houses but the other brooding basics can be just as important to Chick performance. Brooding Basic 3: Air Quality: Early morning is an excellent time to judge air quality conditions and make ventilation adjustments if needed. (From week 2 of the Brooding stage) Too-high ammonia (NH3) or carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can impact bird health and growth and can be challenging to control. Birds can suffer and even be blinded before the grower becomes aware of a serious problem. most ammonia and carbon dioxide problems can be minimized by proper litter management. Brooding Basic 3: Air Quality: Early morning is an excellent time to judge air quality conditions and make ventilation adjustments if needed. (From week 2 of the Brooding stage) Too-high ammonia (NH3) or carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can impact bird health and growth and can be challenging to control. Birds can suffer and even be blinded before the grower becomes aware of a serious problem. most ammonia and carbon dioxide problems can be minimized by proper litter management. Brooding Basic 4: Ventilation Ensure proper air circulation in the brooding room Brooding Basic 5: Water Quality and Availability: Having high-quality water freely available can make a huge difference in getting chicks off to a good start. Water quantity problems can be difficult to diagnose but a common-sense approach to making sure chicks have plenty of water available is to do a good job of routine drinker system maintenance. The importance of getting water into the chick as soon as possible cannot be overstated. This means that cleaning water systems (drinkers) before chicks arrive is extremely important. Also, pay close attention to initial drinker height and make adjustments that reflect bird growth on a routine basis. Chicks will consume a lot less water than older birds so flushing drinker lines often, in the beginning, will keep the water fresh and promote greater consumption. Do not assume water quality and availability are adequate, verify them. Brooding Basic 6: Feed Availability Feed availability runs hand in hand with water availability and is of equal importance. The quicker chicks have access to and consume quality feed, the better start they will have. The actual amount an individual chick consumes in the first seven days is very small, so the amount of feed in the house on day one is not nearly as important as providing access for every chick to easily get to feed. Another way to say this is that feeding space/opportunity is most important. Chicks having sufficient access to feed is more than just feeder pan, chick tray, and supplemental feed lid management. Environmental factors also play a huge role in feed availability because if a chick is uncomfortable (too hot, cold, or in a draught) near the feed trays or lines, it will not eat or drink sufficiently. This can be a severe problem that must be corrected. Remember, if a chick is given the choice between comfort and feed or water, it will choose comfort. Make sure every chick gets to feed and water quickly and easily. Brooding Basic 7: Lighting Chicks grow, gain and perform better the quicker they gain access to feed and water, and light stimulation further encourages feed and water consumption. Specific lighting programs are under constant revision and vary from one integrator to another. However, the most common recommendation for light intensity when lighting is on calls for a minimum average light intensity of three or more foot candles for the first seven to 10 days, measured along the feed lines between grow lights. Large shadows, blown bulbs, and insufficient lighting intensity and uniformity are problems that can be identified and corrected with the use of simple bulbs Brooding Basic 8: SPACE. Ensure proper space for your chicks as they require this space to grow well in case of no space, growth characteristics are being affected. For more information/Consulting and Farm setup. Connect with us through our page (Sustain Afric) OR INBOX (+237 6 69 23 21 58)