In agriculture, sustainability is a complex idea with many factors, including the economic (a sustainable farm should be a profitable business that contributes to a robust economy), the social (it should deal fairly with its workers and have a mutually beneficial relationship with the surrounding community), and the environmental.
Environmental sustainability in agriculture means good stewardship of the natural systems and resources that farms rely on. Among other things, this involves:
Building and maintaining healthy soil
Managing water wisely
Minimizing air, water, and climate pollution
There are different sustainable agriculture practices to achieve the goal of sustainable agriculture. They include:
Rotating crops and embracing diversity
Planting cover crops
Reducing or eliminating tillage
Applying integrated pest management (IPM)
Integrating livestock and crops
Adopting agroforestry practices
Managing whole systems and Landscape.